Updates from founding chapters in Northfield, and Faribault, MN

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Young Chefs started at the local middle school in Northfield, MN, by students at Carleton College. The program soon expanded to another middle school in Faribault, MN, and today, the two programs are running stronger than ever. Recently, another program was added: a hands-on gardening program; funded by Kitchen Garden Laboratory, this gives students the opportunity to grow food and continue the learning process over the summer. The programs serve youth from under-served communities, and is run by 20 undergraduate volunteers from Carleton college. These volunteers not only teach science and cooking in weekly lessons, but also build meaningful mentoring relationships with the students, inspiring them to succeed in the kitchen, classroom, and beyond.

We reached out to the directors of the programs and checked in how things are going. Here are the latest updates:

Gardening Program

As the first official year for the Northfield Middle School garden program, it’s been an exciting one and we are continuing to learn! In the Fall and Winter, we focused on cooking classes, each with a garden connection. Highlights include a Shiitake mushroom kit paired with mushroom pizza, tacos with ingredients that will be grown in the garden, a pasta competition with a mystery vegetable that will also be grown in the garden and a fieldtrip to Farmhouse that included pancake making. Now that spring is upon us, we are turning our attention to the garden! For our first class a few weeks ago, students learned about the different parts of plants that we eat and also participated in a germination activity. This week, students weeded, added topsoil and made a variety of dips– hummus and salsa! Looking ahead, we are excited to start planting soon and are also hoping to organize a garden kick-off party like last year!  by Erin Roth, Carleton ’16

Faribault Middle School Young Chefs

Winter term in Faribault brought a group of new students, lots of culinary creativity, and experimentation with using worksheets instead of lab notebooks to record observations during each lesson. We began with using fractions to adjust recipes for cupcakes and frosting to make the correct amount for the class, then explored olfaction with spiced nuts. Our students loved making the nuts extra spicy and we had to be careful so people didn’t snack too much before we were finished! The next two weeks we brought back the density lesson with smoothies, which they continue to remember, and protein coagulation with meringues. Our last week we had a culinary competition with breakfast foods, which resulted in amazing vegan, cornbread pancakes, smoothies, egg scrambles, and parfaits. The worksheets worked well to get students to record hypotheses and observations from every lesson.
During spring term in Faribault we have had largely the same students that were there in the winter which has allowed us to push the kids in their cooking and science abilities.  We started off the term by creating yogurt parfaits with granola and cooked fruit.  Students were given different fruits to choose from and ended up creating poached pears, fried and battered bananas (including an egg free one created by a student who is allergic to eggs), and pears cooked with brown sugar.  We then added in the science component, talking about oxidation and food waste the next week by looking at the browning of potatoes in the Oxidizing Potatoes lesson plan.  The students created different potato pancakes with browned and unbrowned fruit and realized that the resultant taste is the same.  We students also used their culinary creativity skills to create their own variations on sour cream and cucumber raita.  This week we talked about starches and made risotto, observing different levels of gelatinization in different rices.  The science was easy to see and the students immediately picked up on what was going on.  All of the students loved trying the different risottos made with different vegetables and rice. We are excited to bring them on a field trip to Carleton at the end of a term to do a science experiment, extracting dye from M&Ms in the Carleton Chemistry lab with Dr. Deborah Gross!

by Eric Tallman ’17

Northfield Middle School Young Chefs

During the winter, we transitioned to using worksheets for the students to record their ideas about the science and observations of the cooking. As always, we were able to explore a diverse range of cooking skills and science concepts. We started by letting the students to develop their recipe-reading abilities by having them mathematically manipulate the portions of recipes cupcake recipes. In another lesson, they learned about the sense of smell and chemical receptors through making spiced nuts. Later, they examined density by making columns with smoothies and juices. One week, we had a guest lecturer come in and talk about gluten and gluten intolerance. The final week was a cooking competition in which they got to use their culinary creativity to construct breakfast dishes.  Spring term in Northfield has started amazingly well. The students pay attention during the science lessons and are willing to try whatever we make that week. Our students also seem to have a good grasp on what a hypothesis is and some simple scientific concepts such as density we have gone over, along with an enthusiasm for the cooking! Our first week back we made healthy dessert parfaits, making three kinds of cooked fruits and having our students share each of their creations. Then, we talked about oxidation and eating browned food by making two kinds of potato pancakes, some with potatoes that had been set out for a couple hours. We were impressed with how fearless they were when frying and everyone loved the results! This last week, we took on risotto and talked about starches and what makes risotto with arborio rice creamier than Jasmine rice. They were very interested in making comparisons between preparing risotto and rice that they had made at home. We are excited to bring them to Carleton at the end of a term to do a science experiment, extracting dye from M&Ms in the Carleton Chemistry lab with Dr. Deborah Gross!

By Rebecca Fairchild, ’16

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NYC STEM Institute: Training Teachers in the Cooking-Science Curriculum

All our lessons are available at http://youngchefsprogram.org

Former executive White House pastry chef Bill Yosses and I were just invited to train teachers at the NYC STEM institute in our http://youngchefsprogram.org cooking-science model, developed by students at Carleton College.

About the institute

The New York City Department of Education (NYCDOE) is committed to working with school leaders and teachers to build their capacity in, and develop a shared understanding of, high quality STEM education. The STEM Institutes serve to provide professional learning opportunities to schools in their efforts to identify and develop a STEM focused approach to learning that supports student achievement. With generous support from the General Electric Foundation and Computer Science for All partners, the NYCDOE is excited to offer the third STEM Institute, for teacher teams of 2 to 3 educators.

About our sessions

Science and cooking are beautifully interconnected. Cooking not only hides a tremendous wealth of scientific concepts, but also embodies the scientific method as practiced by scientists; it is a highly experimental process, guided by trial and error. Therefore, cooking is a perfect model system for exploring the wonders of Biology, Physics, and Chemistry in great detail, from molecules and cells, to organisms and planets.

Here we will present specific strategies for teaching STEM concepts through culinary experiments aligned with the Next-Generation Science Standards. Throughout these sessions, participants will build and understanding of the educational philosophy that informs our work, and more importantly, will learn how to integrate cooking into STEM classrooms from educational and logistical standpoints. Special emphasis is placed on the interconnectedness of molecules, organisms, and earth systems to illustrate how cooking experiments can be taught individually or can form entire units. Finally we will introduce the MIT food computer, a programmable low-cost portable system for growing vegetables in the classroom and learning about the science related to organismal growth. Taken together, these sessions will illustrate central STEM concepts through the medium of food, from the seed to the plate, and back.

Goals of sessions

  • Explore the connection between cooking and science as an educational tool
  • Learn specific strategies, lessons, and experiments for teaching NGSS-based STEM concepts through food
  • Learn how to access and use resources publicly available for cooking-science education in NYC STEM classrooms

What we did

DAY 1: Edible Science: What, How, and When?

Afternoon session

This session will introduce participants to the connection between science and cooking as it relates to STEM education. We will share our experiences and demonstrate a range of examples of fun experiments and scientific concepts that can be explored in the kitchen. Through interactive discussions and demonstrations, participants will get to know each other as well as the general area to be explored over the next three days. We will demonstrate fun examples such as the exploding milkshake, spherification, the instant cake, and more.

DAY 2: Photosynthesis, Respiration, and Global Carbon Cycles

Morning session: RESPIRATION

This session focuses on the process of respiration and explores the fundamental equation of aerobic life: the transformation of glucose and oxygen into carbon dioxide and water. Participants will learn how to address common student misconceptions and NGS standards by making Taiwanese steamed buns and observing respiration in a range of contexts.

Afternoon session: PHOTOSYNTHESIS

Here we explore another essential component of life as we know it: photosynthesis. The lesson focuses on the electro-magnetic spectrum and its relevance for plant growth. Specifically, we will explore the wave-particle duality of light, the relationship between energy and wave properties, and how this relates to the process of photosynthesis. We will demonstrate how different wavelengths of light are exploited for different purposes in nature. Participants will learn about a programmable experiment on the MIT Food Computer, which provides a controlled environment for growing plants under different light conditions. In addition, participants make a salad and indulge in the deliciousness that photosynthesis provides.

DAY 3: Interactions between organisms

Morning session: HUMMUS

Many students know that the atmosphere has a large fraction of nitrogen, but may not be aware of its role in organismal growth, ecosystems, and global geochemical cycles. In this lesson, students learn about how some plants known as legumes obtain nitrogen from the air with the help of symbiotic bacteria. The lesson explores the biochemical basis of this plant-microbe interactions and highlights its implications for the health of the plant, humans, and the planet as a whole. By making delicious hummus with legumes from around the world, participants will understand how nitrogen makes it from the atmosphere to the soil and back, through animals like humans.

Afternoon session: OLFACTION AND NEUROSCIENCE

During the hummus lesson, participants will become familiar with different spices used to flavor their concoctions. In nature, spice molecules serve a different purpose than flavor; they are often responsible for mediating interactions between organisms, for example deterring predators for consuming plants, attracting pollinators, or killing pathogenic microbes. This lessons starts off with a discussion of spice molecules and their role in nature, and progresses into a discussion of human perception and sensation. How do we sense the olfactory world on a molecular level? How does our brain compute sensory information to create a holistic experience of flavor? Participants will engage in different olfactory experiments involving spices, and will learn how to create their own curries for use in a variety of contexts.

Afternoon session:LESSON PLAN DEVELOPMENT

Teachers worked in teams to develop their own cooking-science lesson to implement in their classrooms. Lots of great ideas floating around, including building an oven, learning about solubility and molecular properties through four-week blocks on sensation, perception, and molecular solubility, and lots more!!! We will publish the teacher lessons soon.

PHOTOS BY THE TALENTED ROBERTO WELCHIMG_9292-1IMG_9325-1

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Young Chefs adds new feature: lessons for students

While Young Chefs has a lot to offer to educators, including an extensive curriculum and a range of teacher resources, the organization has long lacked resources designed exclusively for students. Web-based resources are now playing a larger role in education than ever before, giving people of all ages access to new knowledge, irrespective of geographical location and other constraints. With this in mind, the Young Chefs advisory board has created a virtual learning lab where students across the globe can download and interact with all the resources they need to improve their culinary skill and scientific literacy — through simple kitchen experiments.

Specifically, our website now features lesson plans specifically designed for students. These lessons are adapted from our extensive educator lessons but focus more on the hands-on experimentation as opposed to teaching methods and detailed discussion of scientific concepts. Each lesson contains brief information about the relevant science, followed by a detailed experiment that leads to a delicious edible outcome. Currently, students can learn about protein denaturation through pancakes, solubility of liquids through salad dressing, diffusion through tofu, and many more scientific concepts. We are currently developing even more student lesson and hope to provide our full physical science and life science curriculum directly to students in just a few weeks.

In addition to student lesson plans, we have developed a comprehensive guide describing all the necessary kitchen tips and tricks that you will need to get started. We hope that this document will remove any barriers for first-time learners.

We are excited to add this development, which is just a small part of our recent efforts to create a worldwide network of educators and learners interested in food science education.

Stay tuned for more!

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Student carefully making delicious chocolate sauce in New Haven, CT